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Android Architecture

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Android operating system is a stack of software components which is roughly divided into five sections and four main layers as shown below in the architecture diagram.
Linux kernelAt the bottom of the layers is Linux - Linux 2.6 with approximately 115 patches. This provides basic system functionality like process management, memory management, device management like camera, keypad, display etc. Also, the kernel handles all the things that Linux is really good at such as networking and a vast array of device drivers, which take the pain out of interfacing to peripheral hardware. LibrariesOn top of Linux kernel there is a set of libraries including open-source Web browser engine WebKit, well known library libc, SQLite database which is a useful repository for storage and sharing of application data, libraries to play and record audio and video, SSL libraries responsible for Internet security etc. Android RuntimeThis is the third section of the architecture and available on the second l…